• Category
  • Length Range
    66.9-95.5 µm
  • Width Range
    14-18 µm
  • Striae in 10 µm
    10-12

Identification

Description

Valves are linear-lanceolate, with acutely rounded, tapered apices. The central area is elliptic and asymmetric about the apical axis. A fascia is absent. The striae are radiate at the valve center and become convergent at the apices. A Voight discontinuity is often present. The striae continue around the apices and the apical hyaline area. The raphe is lateral and the position of the raphe within the axial area is eccentric. The axial area narrows toward the apices. The distal raphe ends are curved, bayonet-shaped, and continue onto the mantle at the valve apices. A hyaline area surrounds the distal raphe ends. The external proximal raphe ends are slightly expanded into a teardrop shape. The internal proximal raphe ends form a short 90 degree hook.

Autecology

Pinnularia turfosiphila has been reported from the eastern United States, in benthic habitats of low pH lakes (Gaiser and Johansen 2000, Siver and Hamilton 2011) and from Bear Meadows Bog, a low specific conductance, low pH wetland in Pennsylvania (Edlund and Brant 2010).

Bear   Meadows  Bog
Credit: Photo by Lynn Brant
Bear Meadows Bog, a collection site of Neidium sacoense for this page.

Original Description

Valve linear with parallel or slightly swollen sides, tapering to somewhat acute ends, 10-13 µm wide, 65-92 µm long. Axial area broad, about 1/4 to 1/3 breadth of valve. Central area round to elliptical, usually longer (6-8 µm) than broad (3-4 µm), without a transverse fascia. Raphe filamentous with bayonet-shaped terminal fissures. Terminal nodules large. Striae short and radiate in the center of valve, becoming convergent at ends. Striae 9-13 in 10 µm (mean 10.8) at valve center, becoming coarser, 8-10 in 10 µm (mean 8.5), at ends.

  • Author
    E.E.Gaiser and J.R.Johansen 2000
  • Length Range
    65-92 µm
  • Width
    10-13 µm
  • Striae in 10µm
    9-13

Original Images

Piturfosiphila Original  Image
Piturfosiphila Original Text

Cite This Page

Burge, D, and Brant, L, and Edlund, M. (2016). Pinnularia turfosiphila. In Diatoms of North America. Retrieved July 22, 2018, from https://diatoms.org/species/pinnularia_turfosiphila

Responses

The 15 response plots show an environmental variable (x axis) against the relative abundance (y axis) of Pinnularia turfosiphila from all the stream reaches where it was present. Note that the relative abundance scale is the same on each plot. Explanation of each environmental variable and units are as follows:

ELEVATION = stream reach elevation (meters)
STRAHLER = distribution plot of the Strahler Stream Order
SLOPE = stream reach gradient (degrees)
W1_HALL = an index that is a measure of streamside (riparian) human activity that ranges from 0 - 10, with a value of 0 indicating of minimal disturbance to a value of 10 indicating severe disturbance.
PHSTVL = pH measured in a sealed syringe sample (pH units)
log_COND = log concentration of specific conductivity (µS/cm)
log_PTL = log concentration of total phosphorus (µg/L)
log_NO3 = log concentration of nitrate (µeq/L)
log_DOC = log concentration of dissolved organic carbon (mg/L)
log_SIO2 = log concentration of silicon (mg/L)
log_NA = log concentration of sodium (µeq/L)
log_HCO3 = log concentration of the bicarbonate ion (µeq/L)
EMBED = percent of the stream substrate that is embedded by sand and fine sediment
log_TURBIDITY = log of turbidity, a measure of cloudiness of water, in nephelometric turbidity units (NTU).
DISTOT = an index of total human disturbance in the watershed that ranges from 1 - 100, with a value of 0 indicating of minimal disturbance to a value of 100 indicating severe disturbance.