• Category
  • Length Range
    76-101 µm
  • Width Range
    17-22 µm
  • Striae in 10 µm
    15-18

Identification

Description

Valves are broadly linear-lanceolate with bluntly rounded subrostrate apices. The axial area is linear, two to three times wider than the raphe, and only slightly wider near the central area. The central area is a narrow, almost rectangular stauros, expanding slightly towards the valve margins. Short striae are sometimes present in the stauros at the valve margins. The raphe is lateral, becoming filiform at the ends. Terminal raphe fissures are hooked. Proximal raphe ends are nearly straight and slightly inflated. Striae are wavy and radiate throughout. Areolae are coarse and number 14-17 in 10 µm.

Autecology

Stauroneis fluminopsis was found in six lakes and wetlands in the Northern Rockies. The pH of these waters ranges from 6.0 to 8.6 and specific conductance ranges from 40 to 250 µS/cm. Van de Vijver et al. (2004) described this species from the Antarctic, where it was found in pools and small rivers with a pH of 6.0-7.5 and a specific conductance of 50-200 µS/cm.

Holland  Lake
Credit: Loren Bahls
Holland Lake, Missoula County, Montana: home of Stauroneis fluminopsis.

Original Description

Valves linear-lanceolate with more or less distinct (but not abruptly) protracted subrostrate to cuneately rostrate and bluntly rounded ends. Length 74-115 µm, breadth 17.5-22 µm. Pseudosepta absent. Raphe moderately lateral with almost straight central endings as far as the central pores are barely deflected towards the side. Axial area almost large. Central area forming a moderately large fascia, only slightly widened towards the valve margins. Very short striae are sometimes present at the face/mantle junction. Striae radiate throughout the entire valve, 16-18 in 10 µm. The puncta of the striae are regularly spaced, around 18 in 10 µm.

  • Author
    Van de Vijver and Lange-Bert. 2004
  • Length Range
    75-115 µm
  • Width
    17.5-22 µm
  • Striae in 10µm
    16-18

Original Images

Sfluminopsis Origimag1
Sfluminopsis Origimag2
Sfluminopsis Origdesc

Cite This Page

Bahls, L. (2011). Stauroneis fluminopsis. In Diatoms of North America. Retrieved June 22, 2018, from https://diatoms.org/species/stauroneis_fluminopsis

Responses

The 15 response plots show an environmental variable (x axis) against the relative abundance (y axis) of Stauroneis fluminopsis from all the stream reaches where it was present. Note that the relative abundance scale is the same on each plot. Explanation of each environmental variable and units are as follows:

ELEVATION = stream reach elevation (meters)
STRAHLER = distribution plot of the Strahler Stream Order
SLOPE = stream reach gradient (degrees)
W1_HALL = an index that is a measure of streamside (riparian) human activity that ranges from 0 - 10, with a value of 0 indicating of minimal disturbance to a value of 10 indicating severe disturbance.
PHSTVL = pH measured in a sealed syringe sample (pH units)
log_COND = log concentration of specific conductivity (µS/cm)
log_PTL = log concentration of total phosphorus (µg/L)
log_NO3 = log concentration of nitrate (µeq/L)
log_DOC = log concentration of dissolved organic carbon (mg/L)
log_SIO2 = log concentration of silicon (mg/L)
log_NA = log concentration of sodium (µeq/L)
log_HCO3 = log concentration of the bicarbonate ion (µeq/L)
EMBED = percent of the stream substrate that is embedded by sand and fine sediment
log_TURBIDITY = log of turbidity, a measure of cloudiness of water, in nephelometric turbidity units (NTU).
DISTOT = an index of total human disturbance in the watershed that ranges from 1 - 100, with a value of 0 indicating of minimal disturbance to a value of 100 indicating severe disturbance.